Not only is it embarrassing, but it's a pain to get rid of. You scratch and flick and then scratch some more hoping that a miracle will happen before leaving the house. But much to your dismay it's still there. Now it's all over your shirt as well as the sink. You try a bunch of dandruff shampoos and nothing seems to work that miracle like you've hope. So you surrender and just live with it.
Dandruff, clinically known as pityriasis is a scalp disorder that causes excessive amounts of large flakes of skin cells to appear on the scalp. The underlying cause is an overgrowth of fungal yeast, known as malassezia. Malassezia is a natural part of the human makeup but when it grows out of control dandruff occurs. Some symptoms are an itchy scalp and flakiness. Dandruff affects about 45 percent of the human population. Some infants experience dandruff. It's called cradle cap. They usually outgrow the condition over time.
There are two types of dandruff:
Pityriasis Capitis Symplex is the common of the two. This is the dry type associated with flaking, scattered scales and itching. It is easily removed with frequent use of dandruff shampoos or topical creams.
Pityriasis steroids is a more severe dandruff. This type has large greasy or waxy scales that are combined with sebum. The scales tend to stick to the scalp in creamy white patches. When combed through bleeding and oozing of the sebum oils occur. It's very similar to another scalp condition called Seborrheic dermatitis. Medical treatment is required to treat the condition.
Dandruff can be caused by the following internal factors:
Poor circulation or metabolism
Lack of Water
Stress and tension
Biochemical changes to the scalp
The following external factors are:
Lack of proper cleansing
Topical medication ointments
Oils and creams that irritate the scalp
Increased activity of bacteria or fungi
Poor scalp stimulation
High PH in water
High PH in shampoo
There are several remedies for treating dandruff. Commercial dandruff shampoos all claims to treat dandruff. But they only offer temporary fixes for the problem. You will find that the issue returns within 2 to 3 days. In order to minimize the problem it will require frequent use which in turn will cause serious dryness and damage to textured hair. Instead, you may want to take a more holistic approach to treating dandruff. It's safer and more effective.
Horsetail, coltsfoot, nettle, rosemary and sage are botanicals rich in sulfur (which is found in the keratin fibers of protein in the hair and scalp) and amino acids (these produce the keratin in our hair).
Garlic or garlic extracts have anti-inflammatory properties and are used for their anti-fungal and antiseptic properties.
Apple cider vinegar as a pre-shampoo treatment cools and neutralizes the acidic base of the hair and scalp.
Tea tree oil is a very strong antiseptic and anti-fungal ingredient.
Feel free to share some of your tips and recipes to help eliminate dandruff!